Agricultural land in Central Africa

Africa accounts for 60% or arable land. But what does that mean for each country? We try to focus on the central Africa region to analyze the Cameroon situation and its neighbors.

Definition of Agricultural land

Agricultural land refers to the share of land area that is arable, under permanent crops, and under permanent pastures. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.

Land under permanent crops is land cultivated with crops that occupy the land for long periods and need not be replanted after each harvest, such as cocoa, coffee, and rubber. This category includes land under flowering shrubs, fruit trees, nut trees, and vines, but excludes land under trees grown for wood or timber. Permanent pasture is land used for five or more years for forage, including natural and cultivated crops. Data source:

Google Docs


The following data are coming from the world bank. In the file below you will find details about agricultural land (% of land area) in several countries of the central Africa region. The focus of our interest is Cameroon. We can see on this first chart that the percentage of agricultural land is growing.

Google Docs